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December 14, 2020

Pak Afghan Transit Trade Agreement

Filed under: Uncategorized — Chris Chaten @ 5:26 AM

In October 2010, the pioneering APTTA agreement was signed by Pakistani Trade Minister Makhdoom Amin Fahim and anwar ul-Haq Ahady, the Afghan Ministry of Commerce. Richard Holbrooke, U.S. Special Representative for Afghanistan and Pakistan, as well as a number of foreign ambassadors, Afghan parliamentarians and senior officials attended the ceremony. [13] Trade in contraband goods in Pakistan was once an important source of income for Afghanistan. Official pakistani goods imported into Afghanistan under the 1965 Afghanistan transit agreement were often smuggled into Pakistan through the porous border shared by the two countries, often with the help of corrupt officials. [5] In addition to the illegal repatriation of goods to Pakistan, declared goods linked to Afghanistan have often been prematurely unloaded from trucks and smuggled into Pakistani markets without paying the required customs duties. [6] [7] This led to the creation of a thriving black market, with much of the illegal trade open, as was the case in the bustling Peshawar Karkhano market, widely regarded as a smugglers` bazaar. [8] In Pakistan, in 2003, measures were taken against the types of goods authorizing duty-free transit and strict measures and markings were introduced to prevent smuggling. The diversion of goods by Iran from the Persian Gulf has increased considerably, resulting in a sharp decline in the number of contraband goods in Pakistani markets.

The 2003 measures resulted in a sharp decrease in the number of undocumented jobs related to the transit and sale of contraband; Jobs and revenues that have also helped stimulate the underground economy, often linked to drug cartels, in both countries. The Afghanistan-Pakistan Transit Trade Agreement (also known as APTTA) is a bilateral trade agreement signed by Pakistan and Afghanistan in 2010, which calls for greater facilitation of merchandise trade between the two countries. ATTA has not granted Pakistan reciprocal rights to export goods through Afghan territory to neighbouring countries. Pakistani attempts to access Central Asian markers have been thwarted by political instability in Afghanistan that has continued since the late 1970s. As Afghanistan became increasingly dangerous as a transit corridor, China, Pakistan, Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan developed a separate contract in 1995 called the Quadrilateral Traffic in Transit Agreement (QTTA) and signed the treaty in 2004. [9] Despite the signing of the QTTA, the agreements were never used, mainly due to poor infrastructure between the four countries.

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