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April 13, 2021

Types Of Peace Agreements

Filed under: Uncategorized — Chris Chaten @ 1:31 PM

Another famous example would be the series of peace agreements known as the peace of Westphalia. It has initiated modern diplomacy that integrates the modern system of nation-states. Subsequent wars were no longer about religion, but about state issues. This encouraged the Catholic and Protestant powers to ally themselves, which led to a series of important realignments. The contract was signed between Ramesses II and HatusiliIII III during the twenty-first year of Ramesse`s reign[14] (c. 1258 BC.C.). Its eighteen articles call for peace between Egypt and Hatti, and then affirm that their people also demand peace. It contains many elements found in more modern treaties, but it is broader than the mere explanation of subsequent treaties on the end of hostilities. It also includes a reciprocity pact in case one of the empires is attacked by a third party or in the event of an internal dispute. There are articles on the forced repatriation of refugees and provisions that they should not be harmed, which could be considered the first extradition treaty. Retaliation is also threatened if the contract is broken.

29The danger of this approach is that the much-needed economic peace dividends – employment and income opportunities for marginalized groups – are unlikely to happen quickly. The parties have very different perspectives on economic development. These differences can lead to a long political debate that delays an agreement on economic reforms and the economic dividends of peace. While this may lead in the long term to the consolidation of a political system – comparable to Guatemala – a major source of discontent remains unchanged in the short term. As a result, the agreement may lose the support of marginalized groups and lead to protests or even a resumption of low-intensity conflicts. The Protests of the Madhesis people in January 2007 underscore the potential threats to peace due to the continuing marginalization in Nepal after the conflict [29]. 47 In Liberia, the Democratic Republic of Congo and Angola, where economic provisions were not significantly included in peace agreements, the unintended consequences of the omission were high. Examples show that spoilers have been strengthened by the control of economic opportunities, that business has continued as usual and that the lack of control has been used to prepare for the renewal of armed conflicts. In Liberia, peace-building has been made more complex, unpredictable and costly, with economic governance requiring new initiatives against corruption and crime, and even military intervention.

In Nepal, post-conflict economic governance will be crucial to the lasting consolidation of peace. 14 In order to examine the relationship between the peace agreement and peace-building, this section briefly discusses six cases: Sudan (north-south), Guatemala, Nepal, Liberia, the Democratic Republic of Congo and Angola.

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